Timeline of Key Islamic Scholars and Historic Figures

Timeline of Key Islamic Scholars and Historic Figures

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Timeline of Key Islamic Scholars and Historic Figures

Note: The dates are in accordance with the Islamic calendar (which starts on July 16, 622 CE, the date of the Messenger’s arrival in Madīnah). The year corresponds to the date of death of each authority (unless otherwise indicated). A short description of each scholar’s specialization is included or one of their major publications is cited in order to remove any discrepancies, given that sometimes more than one person shared the same name and/or the same kunyah.


Format:  Year – Name of Scholar or renowned person (major publication or title/description)

11 Muḥammad (Messenger and Prophet)

13 Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq (first Caliph)

17 Mu`āth Ibn Jabal (Companion, Qāḍī)

18 Abū `Ubaydah Ibn al-Jarrāḥ (Companion)

23 `Umar Ibn al-Khaṭṭāb (the second Caliph, Companion)

32 `Abd Allāh Ibn Mas`ūd (Companion)

32 Abū al-Dardā’ (Ḥadīth transmitter)

35 Uthmān Ibn `Affān (Caliph/Companion)

37 `Ammār Ibn Yāsir (Companion)

40 `Alī Ibn Abī Ṭālib (fourth and last of the Rāshid Caliphs)

45 Zayd Ibn Thābit (Companion/Qur’ān Ḥāfiẓ)

54 Usāmah Ibn Zayd (Companion and military Amīr)

58 `Ā’ishah Bint Abī Bakr al-Ṣiddīq (Prophet’s wife)

58 Abū Hurayrah (Ḥadīth transmitter)

60 Mu`āwiyah Ibn Abī Sufyān (First Umayyad Caliph)

68 Ibn `Abbās (Ḥadīth transmitter)

68 Abū al-Aswad al-Du’alī (Reformed Arabic script)

73 `Abd Allāh Ibn `Umar (Companion, son of the second Caliph)

74 Mālik Ibn Abī `Āmir (Ḥadīth transmitter, Mālik’s grandfather)

78 Jābir Ibn `Abd Allāh (Companion)

95 al-Ḥajjāj Ibn Yūsuf (Umayyad governor)

96 Ibrāhīm al-Nakh`ī (Faqīh from Kūfah)

97 `Urwah Ibn al-Zubayr (One of the seven fuqahā’ from Madīnah)

101 `Umar Ibn `Abd al-Azīz (Umayyad Caliph)

104 Mujāhid (author: Tafsīr Mujāhid)

110 Ibn Sīrīn (Faqīh and ḥadīth transmitter from Baṣrah)

110 Ṭāwūs (Tafsīr and fiqh scholar)

122 Zayd Ibn `Alī (Shi`ite Imām, Zaydī Shi`ites)

131 Wāṣil Ibn `Aṭā’ (Mu`tazilite thinker from Baṣrah)

136 Zayd Ibn Aslam (Faqīh from Madīnah)

143 Yaḥyā Ibn Sa`d al-Anṣārī (Qāḍī and faqīh from Madīnah)

148 Ja`far al-Ṣādiq (Seventh Imam, Ismā`īlī Shi`ites)

150 Abū Ḥanīfah (“Founder” of the Ḥanafī School of law)

158 Ismā`īl Ibn Ja`far (Qāḍī and faqīh from Madīnah)

160 Shu`bah Ibn al-Ḥajjāj (collector of ḥadīth)

161 Sufyān al-Thawrī (Ḥadīth collector)

169 Nāfi` Ibn `Abd al-Raḥmān Ibn Abī Nu`aym (qāri’ from Madīnah)

169 al-Khalīl Ibn Aḥmad al-Farāhīdī (Reformed the writing system)

179 Mālik Ibn Anas (Author of al-Muwaṭṭa’)

181 Ibn al-Mubārak (Kitāb al-zuhd wa-‘l-raqā’iq)

182 Abū Yūsuf (Kitāb al-āthār)

189 al-Shaybānī, Muḥammad Ibn al-Ḥasan (faqīh from Kūfah)

193 Ziyād Ibn `Abd al-Raḥmān (Transmitter of Muwaṭṭa’)

197 `Abd Allāh Ibn Wahb (al-Muwaṭṭa’, kitāb al-muḥārabah)

197 Warsh (Qāri’ of the Qur’ān from Egypt)

198 Sufyān Ibn `Uyaynah (Ḥadīth scholar)

198 Yaḥyā Ibn Sa`d al-Qaṭṭān (Ḥadīth scholar)

204 al-Shāfi`ī (Kitāb al-umm)

204 Ibn al-Kalbī (Jamharat al-nasab)

211 `Abd al-Razzāq al-Ṣan`ānī (al-Muṣannaf)

218 Ibn Hishām (Sīrat Ibn Hishām)

220 Qālūn (Qur’ān reciter from Madīnah)

224 Abū Ubayd (Kitāb al-nāsikh wa-‘l-mansūkh)

230 Ibn Sa`d (al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā)

231 al-Naẓẓām (Mu`tazilite thinker)

234 Ibn al-Madīnī (`Ilal al-ḥadīth, Ma`rifat al-rijāl)

234 Yaḥyā Ibn Yaḥyā al-Laythī (Transmitter of Muwaṭṭa’)

235 Ibn Abī Shaybah (Muṣannaf)

238 Ibn Ḥabīb `Abd al-Malik (al-Wāḍiḥah)

240 Suḥnūn (Compiler of Muwaṭṭa’ Mālik)

240 Suwayd al-Ḥadathānī [aka Abū Sa`īd] (Transmitter of Muwaṭṭa’)

240 al-Iskāfī (Mu`tazilite from Baghdād)

241 Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (Musnad)

254 Muḥammad al-Mahdī ([Birth date] twelfth Imam, Twelvers Shi`ites)

255 al-Dāramī (Sunan)

256 al-Jāḥiẓ (Renowned Mu`tazilite literary figure)

256 al-Bukhārī (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī)

256 Muḥammad Ibn Suḥnūn (Transmitter of Muwaṭṭa’)

261 Muslim (al-Jāmi` al-ṣaḥīḥ)

273 Ibn Mājah (Sunan)

275 Abū Dāwūd (Sunan)

276 Ibn Qutaybah (Kitāb ta’wīl mukhtalaf al-ḥadīth)

277 al-Fasawī, Abū Yūsuf Ya`qūb Ibn Sufyān (Kitāb al-ma`rifah)

279 al-Tirmidhī (Ḥadīth collector)

298 Yaḥyā Ibn `Awn (Ḥadīth transmitter)

303 Abū `Alī al-Jubā’ī (Mu`tazilite scholar debated Ibn Ḥanbal)

303 al-Nasā’ī (al-Sunan)

309 al-Ḥusayn Ibn Manṣūr (authority on naskh)

310 al-Ṭabarī (Tafsīr and Tārīkh)

312 `Abd Allāh Ibn Sulaymān al-Ash`ath (authority on naskh)

317 al-Zubayr Ibn Aḥmad al-Zubayrī (authority on naskh)

324 Ibn Mujāhid (Kitāb al-sab`ah fī al-qirā’āt)

327 Ibn Abī Ḥātim (Taqdimatu al-ma`rifah , al-Jarḥ wa-‘l-ta`dīl)

330 Abū al-Ḥasan al-Ash`arī (Ash`arite theological school)

333 Abū al-`Arab M. Ibn Tamīm (Ṭabaqāt `ulamā’ ifrīqiyyah)

338 Aḥmad Ibn M. al-Murādī [al-Naḥḥās] (authority on naskh)

354 Ibn Ḥibbān (Kitāb al-thiqāt)

363 Ibn Muḥammad al-Nu`mān (Da`ā’im al-islām)

370 al-Jaṣṣāṣ (Aḥkām al-qur’ān)

377 al-Ḥasan Ibn `Abd al-Ghaffār al-Fārisī (al-Ḥujjah)

381 Ibn Mihrān al-Isbahānī (al-Mabsūṭ fī al-qirā’āt al-`ashrah)

386 Ibn Abī Zayd al-Qayrawānī (Kitāb al-jāmi`)

403 Abū Bakr al-Bāqillānī (Nukat al-intiṣār linaql al-qur’ān)

429 Baghdādī, Abū Manṣūr (Uṣūl al-dīn)

430 Abū Nu`aym (Ḥilyat al-awliyā’)

437 Makkī Ibn Abī Ṭālib (al-Nāsikh wa’l-mansūkh)

444 al-Dānī (al-Muḥkam fī naqt al-maṣāḥif)

456 Ibn Ḥazm (Jamharat ansāb al-`arab)

463 al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī (Taqyīd al-`ilm)

463 Ibn `Abd al-Bārr (al-Intiqā’ fī faḍā’il al-a’immah)

464 Abū Bakr Abd Allāh Ibn Muḥammad al-Mālikī (Riyāḍ al-nufūs)

468 al-Wāḥidī (Qur’ān commentator)

474 al-Bājī (Iḥkām al-fuṣūl fī aḥkām al-uṣūl)

475 Ibn Khālawayh (Mukhtaṣar fī shawādhdh al-qur’ān)

475 Ibn Mākūlā (al-Ikmāl)

478 al-Juwaynī (al-Shāmil fī uṣūl al-dīn)

483 al-Sarakhṣī (al-Mabṣūṭ)

520 Ibn Rushd al-Qurṭubī —al-Jadd (al-Bayān wa-’l-taḥṣīl)

543 Ibn al-`Arabī (Aḥkām al-qur’ān)

562 al-Sam`ānī (al-Ansāb)

571 Ibn `Asākir (Tārīkh dimashq)

593 al-Marghīnānī (al-Hidāyah and Sharḥ bidāyat al-mubtadī)

595 Ibn Rushd al-Qurṭubī—al-Ḥafīd (Bidāyat al-mujtahid)

597 Ibn al-Jawzī (Manāqib `Umar Ibn `Abd al-`Azīz)

630 Ibn al-Athīr (al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh)

631 Āmidī (jurisprudence scholar)

676 al-Nawawī (Tahdhīb al-asmā’)

681 Ibn Khallikān (Wafayāt al-a`yān)

684 al-Qarafī (al-Dhakhīrah)

685 al-Bayḍāwī (Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta’wīl)

700 Niẓām al-Dīn Ibn Muḥammad al-Nīsābūrī (Gharā’b al-qur’ān)

711 Ibn Manẓūr (Lisān al-`arab)

728 Ibn Taymiyyah (Ṣiḥḥat uṣūl madhhab)

738 Yaḥyā Ibn `Abd Allāh al-Wāsiṭī (al-Nāsikh wa al-mansūkh)

741 Ibn Juzayy (al-Qawānīn al-fiqhiyyah)

751 Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (A`lām al-muwaqqi`īn)

774 Ibn Kathīr (al-Bidāyah wa’l-nihāyah)

776 Khalīl Ibn Isḥāq (al-Mukhtaṣar)

790 al-Shāṭibī (al-Muwāfaqāt fī uṣūl al-sharī`ah)

799 Ibn Farhūd (al-Dībāj al-mudhahhab)

833 Ibn al-Jazarī (Ghāyat al-nihāyah fī ṭabaqāt al-qurrā’)

836 Aḥmad Ibn al-Mutawwaj al-Baḥrānī (al-Nāsikh wa’l-mansūkh)

840 Aḥmad Ibn Yaḥyā Ibn al-Murtaḍā (al-Baḥr al-zakhkhār )

845 Ibn Sa`d (al-Ṭabaqāt)

852 Ibn Ḥajar (Fatḥ al-bārī fī sharḥ ṣaḥīḥ al-bukhārī)

853 Muḥammad al-Rā`ī al-Andalusī (Intiṣār al-faqīr)

864 Jalāl al-Dīn al-Maḥallī (Tafsīr al-jalālayn)

883 Aḥmad Ibn Ismā`īl al-Abshīṭī (al-Nāsikh wa-’l-mansūkh)

911 al-Ṣamhūdī (Wafā’ al-wafā’ bi-akhbār dār al-muṣṭafā)

911 Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī (Tafsīr)

925 Muḥammad Ibn Zakkariyā’ al-Rāzī (Ethics and medicine)

950 al-Fārābī (philosophy and ethics)

1004 al-Ramlī (Nihāyat al-muḥtāj ilā sharḥ al-minhāj)

1025 Ibn al-Qāḍī (Jadhwat al-iqtibās)

1032 Aḥmad Bābā al-Tinbuktī (Nayl al-ibtihāj bi taṭrīz al-dībāj)

1033 al-Karmī (author on naskh)

1037 Ibn Sīnā (Philosophy, medicine, and ethics)

1089 Ibn al-`Imād (Shadharāt al-dhahab)

1101 al-Khirshī (Sharḥ al-khirshī `alā mukhtaṣar al-khalīl)

1104 Muḥammad Ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ḥurr al-`Āmilī (Wasā’il al-shī`ah)

1122 al-Zurqānī (Egyptian scholar who commented on the Muwaṭṭa’)

1190 `Aṭiyyat Allāh Ibn `Aṭiyyah al-Ajhūrī (Irshād al-raḥmān)